Desk Research-National analysis




        
 
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Focus: Policy level
Country: European Union
Language: EN
Type: Framework
Title: DigComp 2.0
Year: 1 January 2017
Author: CARRETERO GOMEZ Stephanie VUORIKARI Riina PUNIE Yves
Web_Link: https://ec.europa.eu/jrc/en/publication/eur-scientific-and-technical-research-reports/digcomp-21-digital-competence-framework-citizens-eight-proficiency-levels-and-examples-use
Description (EN):

DigComp 2.1 is a further development of the Digital Competence Framework for Citizens. Based on the reference conceptual model published in DigComp 2.0, we present now 8 proficiency levels and examples of use applied to the learning and employment field.

Observations:


Focus: Policy level
Country: Germany
Language: EN
Type: Study/Analysis
Title: Germany: Industrie 4.0 Digital Transformation Monitor
Year: 1 January 2017
Author: Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs
Web_Link: Digital Transformation Monitor Germany: Industrie 4.0
Description (EN):

“Industrie 4.0” (Industry 4.0 (I40)) is a national strategic initiative from the German government through the Ministry of Education and Research(BMBF) and the Ministry
for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWI). It aims to drive digital manufacturing forward by increasing digitisation and the interconnection of products, value chains and business models. It also aims to support research, the networking of industry  partners and standardisation.

Observations:


Focus: Business level
Country: Finland
Language: FIN
Type:
Title: A research about Small and Small and Medium Enterprises’ Digitalization in Finland
Year: 27 November 2016
Author: Elisa Oyj and The Federation of Finnish Enterprises
Web_Link: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1YNZJ66tJWx46hQ3F0oi5nwKSNJrh6UYd/view?usp=sharing
Description (EN):

A research about Small and Small and Medium Enterprises’ Digitalization by Elisa Oyj, Telecommunications, ICT and online service company in Finland, and The Federation of Finnish Enterprise, published in 2016. There were 730 Small and Medium Enterprises involved in research e.g. from  Construction, Retail, Industry, energy, Communications and ICT. The key findings were that digital tools has been implemented on basic level, e.g. SMEs are increasing the use of smart devices and remote connections, but security services, for example managing personal details and particulars needs must be developed strongly. The digitally most advanced SMEs are the most growth-oriented and also the most successful companies. However, there are also many quite successful companies, that are very content with their current state are missing digital development. The SMEs, that are digitally advanced, are also stating strong willingness to grow compared to other SMEs. About 40 % of them is aiming to grow in near future. Only 10% of other SMEs (not developing digitalization) are willing to grow. The development needs related to digitalization are related to sales, marketing, customers experience and developing business processes. Only every tenth company didn’t recognize how digitalization can impact on their businesses.  

Observations:


Focus: Policy level
Country: Finland
Language: FIN
Type:
Title: Promoting the creative economy and intangible value creation as spearheading growth sectors
Year: 12 April 2017
Author: Ministry of Education and Culture of Finland
Web_Link: http://minedu.fi/julkaisu?pubid=URN:ISBN:978-952-263-464-1
Description (EN):

Report of the working group of Ministry of Education and Culture Finland on recognising the creative sectors as a driver of Finnish economy and employment published in 2017.

The objective of the working group on recognising the creative sectors as a driver of Finnish economy and employment was to support the government in attaining its employment and competitiveness targets. The measures proposed by it can increase the number of those employed in the creative sectors by over 10,000 – accounting for almost 10% of the government’s entire employment target. In addition, competitiveness and employment in other sectors can be significantly improved by drawing on the creative sectors’ digital and customer-centred business models, design, service design and branding competence, and marketing and communication competence more extensively in all areas of the Finnish economy. Rather than being limited to promoting the conventional creative sectors, the working group’s proposals also cover the efficient utilisation of intellectual capital, which is a driver of current and future economic growth, and creative competence as well as the generation of economic added value across the entire enterprising sector.

Observations:


Focus: VET level
Country: Finland
Language: FIN
Type:
Title: Reform of vocational upper secondary education
Year: 26 April 2017
Author: Ministry of Education and Culture of Finland
Web_Link: http://minedu.fi/amisreformi
Description (EN):

This reform updates the entire vocational education and training (VET) by 2018. In the future, work life requires a new kind of competence, while there are fewer financial resources available for education. VET has to respond more swiftly to the changes in work life and operating environment and to adapt to individual competence needs. VET for young people and adults will be consolidated, forming a single entity with its own steering and regulation system and financing model. The current supply-oriented approach will be refocused into a demand-driven approach. Education will be competence-based and customer-oriented: Each student will be offered the possibility to design an individually appropriate path to finishing an entire qualification or a supplementary skill set. The primary importance is on what the student learns and is able to do.


Digital learning environments and new approaches to pedagogy (e.g. modern simulators) will have a larger role in the future of learning. Learning in the workplace will be increased. In Finland, VET is organised by different types of education providers: municipalities, joint municipal authorities, the state and the private sector. An authorisation to provide education is required. In the future, education is regulated through a single authorisation license, and education providers will have increased freedom in organising their activities.


The reform includes examining the education provider network. VET will be available throughout the country in the future as well. The ministry will ensure that all education providers have sufficient professional and financial resources to provide education. Education providers are encouraged towards voluntary mergers. There are up to 370 different vocational qualifications available in Finland. In the future, the number of qualifications will decrease, and qualification content will be broadened. This supports designing individual study paths and enables more rapid responses to the changing competence needs in work life.



Observations:


Focus: Policy level
Country: Finland
Language: EN
Type:
Title: The Government Programme of Finland
Year: 29 May 2015
Author: The Government of Finland
Web_Link: http://valtioneuvosto.fi/documents/10184/1427398/Ratkaisujen+Suomi_EN_YHDISTETTY_netti.pdf/8d2e1a66-e24a-4073-8303-ee3127fbfcac
Description (EN):

Finnish society is currently undergoing a transition that includes big structural reforms. One framework for the changes is provided by digitalisation. It challenges us to question the existing methods and practices and to make them more effective and flexible.

In practice, by means of digitalisation people and businesses take centre stage in the development of public services. Welfare of senior citizens can be improved by means of intelligent health services; children can learn history and geography in a virtual environment; and the need for a private car may be removed by comprehensive public transport services.

Everyone's needs vary according to their life stage. The need for services directed to families arises with the first-born child, an unemployed person wants to be successful in the labour market, and a pensioner wants to lead a vigorous and healthy life. Digitalisation helps create better and more reliable service chains to meet the requirements of good life and varying circumstances. It is also a means to look after our wellbeing and success and can ultimately work as a kind of restructuring protection.

Finland is already one of the leading countries in the world in public electronic services. Furthermore, studies show that the digital skills of Finns are the best in the EU.  This proves that the prerequisites for success in digitalisation are excellent. Most importantly, the focus of the service development must be placed on the customer as that is the way to ensure that we are genuinely building our society on the basis of our needs. The key projects are:

  1. Digitalised public services

  2. Growth environment for digital business operations

  3. Streamlined legal provisions

  4. A culture for experimenting

  5. Better leadership and implementation


Observations:


Focus: Business level
Country: Finland
Language: FIN
Type:
Title: A comment of Confederation of Finnish Industries about Digitalization
Year: 1 April 2015
Author: Mikael Jugner
Web_Link: https://ek.fi/wp-content/uploads/Otetaan_digiloikka_net.pdf
Description (EN):

A comment of Confederation of Finnish Industries about Digitalization, published in 2015. The paper is summarizing following statements for Finnish Private and Public Sector: 1. Everything that can be digitalized, will be digitalized. If we don’t do it, others will do it. 2. We need a national strategy to manage digitalization, “the digitalization of markets” is hit-or-miss and too slow. 3. Outsourcing is important in digitalization, the political battles sholdn’t misguide the process. 4. Digitalization is waste of time if the processes are not  reformed at the same. 5. Digitalization means making together, without interaction there’s no digitalization. 6. The key word of digitalization is openness; open source, open interfaces and open (transparent) decision-making. 7. The digitalization of core functions and processes creates effectiveness. 8. The most important starting point for digitalization is customer insight. 9. The digital evolution can be accelerated only by experimenting and testing.

Observations:


Focus: Policy level
Country: Finland
Language: FIN
Type:
Title: The National Architecture for Digital Services programme 2014-2107
Year: 29 January 2018
Author: Ministry of Finance Finland
Web_Link: http://vm.fi/palveluarkkitehtuuri
Description (EN):

The National Architecture for Digital Services programme report 2017.  The National Architecture for Digital Services was set up for the implementation of the Government's Structural Policy Programme(29 August 2013). The Electronic Transactions Act (so-called KaPA Act, came in force on 15 July 2016) lays down provisions on the production of services and their use.


The National Architecture for Digital Services  is a compatible infrastructure facilitating information transfer between organisations and services.The programme involves creating a national data exchange layer, the shared service views required by citizens, companies and authorities, a new national e-identification model and national solutions for the administration of roles and authorisations for organisations and individuals. The purpose of the programme is: to simplify and facilitate transactions by citizens, companies and organisations with the authorities and to improve security, to promote openness in public administration and to improve the quality of public services, to enable cost-efficiency in online services to improve shared use of information and the compatibility of information systems to promote corporate opportunities for leveraging public administration databases and services, to support the national economy by making public administration more efficient and by creating new business opportunities in the private sector.


The following development targets are included: National data exchange layer National identification solution, Authorizations service, Service views (Suomi.fi, Yrityssuomi.fi) required by citizens, companies and authorities and the Finnish Service Catalogue Background.


Observations:


Focus: Policy level
Country: Finland
Language: FIN
Type:
Title: Promoting e-services and democracy in Finland, Final Report
Year: 1 June 2016
Author: Ministry of Finance Finland
Web_Link: http://vm.fi/documents/10623/1464506/SADe-ohjelman+loppuraportti/1efdcfd5-8e24-4985-bb43-a82d3f621974
Description (EN):

The SADe Programme was comprehensive, nationwide, centrally funded and coordinated long-term e-services development programme within Finland’s public administration, involving both central and local government. The 42 services completed during the programme were jointly implemented by the ministries responsible for the implementation projects, hundreds of government authorities, municipalities, joint municipal authorities, third sector organisations, businesses and citizens. All projects in the programme achieved their objectives within the specified timetable and budget. Project implementation has enhanced

and deepened cross-administrative cooperation with stakeholders. Programme effectiveness varies by service and entity. Some of the services were in nationwide use during the project stage and have established their position, while others are either in regional use or serve a relatively small target group. The work performed and services implemented within the SADe Programme not only generate qualitative and financial benefits for the authorities, but lighten the administrative burden of citizens, municipal residents and enterprises.Programme operations have focussed on the quality of e-services and ensuring the introduction of such services. For this purpose, funding was targeted at joint operational model efforts, communications and training concerning services, and the planning of deployments. Service users were involved in service construction through customer panels, feedback surveys, tests and social media


Observations:


Focus: Policy level
Country: Finland
Language: EN
Type:
Title: Finnish Open Data Programme
Year: 29 January 2018
Author: Ministry of Finance Finland
Web_Link: https://www.avoindata.fi/en
Description (EN):

Avoindata.fi (or Opendata.fi) is a service for Finnish open data and interoperabilty standards and guidelines. In this service, you can publish your open datasets. A dataset is a collection of metadata describing the data and a list of data resource links. A link can refer to a file, a web page or an interface.

Datasets can be published as a private person or under an organization. Datasets are grouped into two collections: Open Data: data published under an open license. Interoperability Tools: tools and guidelines that help interoperability of services. In addition to these collection types, the beta version of the service also has a public service description.

Finlands National Open Data Portal Opendata.fi is a service for sharing open data and interoperability tools and guidelines of public administration organisations. It is targeted for all audiences who aim at making use of open public information resources. Also companies and citizens are allowed to store open data into the service. The service is free of charge and has currently 1500 datasets. All data from Opendata.fi is harvested daily by European Data Portal. Opendata.fi service holds over 300 interoperability datasets such as instructions for cities how to open their finance records to the public, training material for the public sector and standards for accessibility. Currently (January 2018) the Open Data Portal is under updating in order to make the coding of the system more modern.

Observations:

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